Type 2 Diabetes : Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 

Type 2 Diabetes

Sugar-free is a thing that is commonly found in Indian households these days. You might have seen people quitting sugar.

Somebody somewhere might ask you to serve tea without sugar. Diabetes is nothing new. We all have heard or seen someone around us being diagnosed with different types of diabetes. TYPE 2 DIABETES is the most common type.

What are the various types of Diabetes?

The most well-known sorts of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a deep-rooted sickness that holds your body back from involving insulin the way it should. Accounting for around 90% of all diabetes, type 2 diabetes is the most widely recognized kind of diabetes.
Changes in diet and active work connected with a fast turn of events and urbanization have prompted sharp expansions in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Beforehand, essentially more established grown-ups fostered the condition.
In any case, because of rising degrees of heftiness, stationary ways of life, and horrible eating routines, type 2 diabetes is expanding in kids, youths, and more youthful grown-ups.

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Diabetes Type 2 symptoms

Type 2 diabetes symptoms can be gentle to such an extent that you don’t see them.
Around 9 million individuals have it and don’t have any acquaintance with it. Side effects include:

Phases of Type 2 Diabetes

Insulin opposition: In this stage, your body typically makes sufficient insulin to keep glucose levels within ordinary reach.
However, if your cells “stand up to” the insulin (don’t utilize it accurately), your body will make more insulin to attempt to assist the glucose with getting into them. Insulin opposition can be brief, yet it can likewise endure.
There’s no test to identify insulin obstruction, so it tends to be difficult to analyze.

Prediabetes: In the long run, insulin opposition makes glucose develop in your blood. You have prediabetes when your glucose levels are higher than typical, yet not sufficiently high to be viewed as diabetes. An A1c somewhere in the range of 5.7% and 6.4% means you have prediabetes. You might not have any side effects. Be that as it may, prediabetes ups your gamble for coronary illness, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes: Assuming your A1c is 6.5% or higher, you have diabetes. You might have side effects like expanded thirst, obscured vision, and deadness in feet or hands. Or then again you might not have any side effects whatsoever.

Type 2 diabetes with vascular complexities: At this stage, your diabetes has prompted vascular (vein) issues. You might have harm to vessels in your eyes (retinopathy), kidneys (nephropathy), and certain nerves (neuropathy). You could likewise foster coronary illness, stroke, or course issues.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can be caused by a combination of the following causes. Hence type 2 diabetes causes include the following:

How is Type 2 Diabetes diagnosed?

Your medical services supplier will utilize blood tests to analyze type 2 diabetes. The blood tests include:

The A1C test, which estimates your typical glucose level throughout recent months Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test, which estimates your ongoing glucose level. You want to be quick (not eat or drink anything except water) for something like 8 hours before the test.

Arbitrary plasma glucose (RPG) test, which estimates your ongoing glucose level. This test is utilized when you have diabetes side effects and the supplier would rather not hang tight for you too quickly before having the test.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Type 2 diabetes treatment incorporates a blend of way of life changes and medicine.
Way of life changes You might have the option to arrive at your objective glucose levels with diet and exercise alone.

Weight reduction. Dropping additional pounds can help. While losing 5% of your body weight is great, losing something like 7% and keeping it off is by all accounts ideal. That implies somebody who weighs 180 pounds can change their glucose levels by shedding around 13 pounds. Weight reduction can appear to be overpowering, however, segment control and eating quality food sources are decent spots to begin.
Smart dieting. There’s no particular eating regimen for type 2 diabetes. An enrolled dietitian can show you carbs and assist you with making a healthy meal, when ch would include:

Watch your glucose levels. Contingent upon your treatment, particularly assuming that you’re on insulin, your primary care physician will let you know if you want to test your glucose levels and how frequently to make it happen.
Drug If a way of life changes don’t get you to your objective glucose levels, you might require drugs. The absolute generally normal for type 2 diabetes include:
Metformin (Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza, Riomet). This is generally the main medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes. It brings down how much glucose your liver makes and assists your body with answering better to the insulin it makes.
Sulfonylureas. This gathering of medications assists your body with making more insulin. They incorporate glimepiride (Amaryl), glipizide (Glucotrol), and glyburide (DiaBeta, Micronase).
Meglitinides: They assist your body with making more insulin, and they work quicker than sulfonylureas. You could take nateglinide (Starlix) or repaglinide (Prandin).
Thiazolidinediones. Like metformin, they make you more delicate to insulin. You could get pioglitazone (Actos) or rosiglitazone (Avandia). Yet, they likewise raise your gamble of heart issues, so they aren’t normally the best option for treatment.

DPP-4 inhibitors: These meds – – linagliptin (Tradjenta), saxagliptin (Onglyza), and sitagliptin (Januvia) – – assist with bringing down your glucose levels, yet they can likewise cause joint agony and could kindle your pancreas.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, males can acquire fungal infections, particularly in the genital area. Although it is less frequent in men than in women, men must recognize the signs and seek proper treatment. 

No, fungal infections are not classified as sexually transmitted infections. However, sexual activity can sometimes upset the natural balance, increasing the risk of infection.

While vaginal yeast infections are more frequent in women, they can occur in men as well, mainly through sexual transfer.

For minor yeast infections, over-the-counter antifungal treatments can be beneficial. However, if symptoms persist or worsen, it is essential to seek medical attention.

Stress can impair the immune system, making it more difficult to battle illnesses such as yeast infections.

Diawhiz is an Indian Health Tech Company Which is Founded With a Motive to Control Diabetes in Multi Disciplinary Approach by a Team of Endocrinologists, Diabetologists, Psychologists, Certified Dieticians, Fitness, Yoga Trainers and Counsellors .

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DiaWhiz ©. All rights reserved.

Diawhiz is an Indian Health Tech Company Which is Founded With a Motive to Control Diabetes in Multi Disciplinary Approach by a Team of Endocrinologists, Diabetologists, Psychologists, Certified Dieticians, Fitness, Yoga Trainers and Counsellors .

What We Offer

Head Office

Hyderabad, India

DiaWhiz ©. All rights reserved.

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