Fiber foods in diabetes

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 

Fiber is advantageous for many reasons, one of which is it plays a crucial role in managing diabetes. Diabetics must be particular about
their diet as it is essential to maintain their blood sugar levels. One of the key ways to control their glucose levels is by taking fiber-rich foods.

Fiber foods in diabetes

This fiber food in diabetes also helps to maintain a healthy weight, reduces cholesterol, and decreases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that our body can’t digest. Though most of the carbohydrates are broken down to sugar molecules, it is passed as undigested. Fiber helps to regulate body sugar usage, helping to keep hunger and blood sugar in check. Nearly, children’s and adults daily requirement is 25-35 grams per day. New research finds that a high-fiber diet like shredded wheat helps to combat type 2 diabetes.

We need fiber in our diet because of its amazing health benefits.

Types of fibers

It is important to know there are two types of fiber, each behaving very differently.

Soluble fiber

Soluble fiber is found in foods such as oat bran, nuts seeds, beans, lentils, fruits, and some veggies. Soluble fiber soaks up water and
dissolves creating a gel that moves slowly through the digestive tract. This type of fiber helps to bulk up stool and prevents constipation. It
reduces cholesterol and cuts the risk of heart disease and atherosclerosis. Soluble fiber adsorbs bile acid and cholesterol, aiding their        excretion from the body. Soluble fiber travels through the stomach and intestines slowly because of its viscosity, reducing hunger and
preventing overeating. It suppresses spikes in sugar after eating by slowing the absorption of sugar.

Insoluble fiber

Diabetesoccurs throughout pregnancy. Gestational diabetes generally occurs during pregnancy. When the body is not utilizing the sugar properly. Insulin is a hormone produced with the aid of a body duct called the pancreas that helps maintain blood sugar levels. When a woman conceives, her physique goes through varying changes, and the body also changes the way insulin is produced as compared to non-pregnant women, which ultimately increases blood sugar levels. If nourishment and physical activity are not enough to manipulate blood sugar degrees, insulin therapy can be essential to modify blood sugar stages and avoid complications for both the mom and the child. Insulin therapy seems to be normally safe for pregnant women and infants when prescribed as directed by a doctor. However, numerous medicinal drugs could lead to side effects, which include hypoglycemia, which is a low blood glucose level, weight gain, and injections. To avoid complications, your doctor will work with you to screen your blood sugar levels and regulate your insulin dosage as desired.

What does fiber food do in diabetic people?

Fiber influences diabetes in two ways, by showing its action on glycemic index and absorption of sugar. The glycemic index is a way to classify foods that influence our blood sugar. Foods with high glycemic index surprise blood sugar levels. Fruits with high glycemic load slow the digestion of sugars and reduce blood sugar levels because of their fiber, even though they contain natural sugars. Fiber foods in diabetes gives the feeling of fullness. This automatically limits the intake of other carbohydrates during each meal. In this way, fibers reduce diabetes by inhibiting carbohydrate metabolism and preventing absorption into the bloodstream. In this way, best fiber food content benefits prediabetic and diabetic people.

List of high-fiber foods




How to improve a fiber diet?

While starting to increase dietary intake of fiber food in diabetes, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends:


A high-fiber diet is vital to prevent and manage diabetes. Eating a high-fiber diet is important throughout the day. Studies have shown that
increasing the intake of high-fiber foods or fiber supplements particularly soluble type improves metabolic health. This fiber-rich food offers
numerous benefits like improving glycemic control, reducing glucose spikes, decreasing hyperinsulinemia, lowering of plasma lipid
concentrations, and weight management in diabetics. In this way, taking fiber food in diabetes helps the diabetics.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Whole grains
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Seeds
  • Nuts
  • peas
  • beans

Soluble fiber seen in avocados, black beans, lima beans, apples,
bananas, oats, peas, etc. is good for diabetes.

Diabetics can have at least 14 grams of fiber daily as per American
Diabetes Association.

They are recommended to take lean protein, low-fat dairy, and plenty of
fiber like cereals, whole fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

All types of fruits can be taken for prediabetes. However, people with
certain recommendations are recommended to avoid pomegranate and
grape juice. Better to avoid canned fruit and fruit juice as they may have
more sugar.

Diawhiz is an Indian Health Tech Company Which is Founded With a Motive to Control Diabetes in Multi Disciplinary Approach by a Team of Endocrinologists, Diabetologists, Psychologists, Certified Dieticians, Fitness, Yoga Trainers and Counsellors .

What We Offer

Quick Links

Social Links

Head Office

Hyderabad, India

DiaWhiz ©. All rights reserved.

Diawhiz is an Indian Health Tech Company Which is Founded With a Motive to Control Diabetes in Multi Disciplinary Approach by a Team of Endocrinologists, Diabetologists, Psychologists, Certified Dieticians, Fitness, Yoga Trainers and Counsellors .

What We Offer

Head Office

Hyderabad, India

DiaWhiz ©. All rights reserved.

A note to our visitors

This website has updated its privacy policy in compliance with changes to European Union data protection law, for all members globally. We’ve also updated our Privacy Policy to give you more information about your rights and responsibilities with respect to your privacy and personal information. Please read this to review the updates about which cookies we use and what information we collect on our site. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our updated privacy policy.