Diabetes Food Pyramid

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 

Diabetes occurs when the body’s blood sugar levels shoot up. This happens when your body is unable to utilise glucose adequately. If you want to lower your blood sugar levels, follow the diabetic food pyramid which helps you to make wise food choices.

The food which you eat breaks down into glucose which enters into the bloodstream of your body. Later, this glucose is absorbed by the cells from the bloodstream for various metabolic activities. Now this whole process of absorption and regulation of glucose is being managed by the insulin hormone. When the insulin hormone is produced less in your body or if the body cells become insulin resistant, it leads to type 2 diabetes and it is said that insulin resistance is one of the leading causes of this type.

Physicians and healthcare professionals often recommend diabetic patients to avoid foods which contain high glycemic levels as they release glucose rapidly into the bloodstream resulting in the immediate rise of blood glucose levels in your body. This is why you should carefully choose the healthy food to consume during your diabetes management which helps you to control your diabetes.

Diabetes Food Pyramid

Consuming foods with less glycemic levels will help you to achieve this. Now, let’s discuss in detail about this diabetic food pyramid! You might be thinking about how to choose a healthy diabetic diet & what types of food and how much food to eat.

But no worries! The American Diabetes Association designed a food pyramid for diabetics that makes it easier for you to choose the right food and maintain a healthy diabetic diet.

This diabetic food pyramid is classified into 6 food groups each with a distinct size.
It aims to guide you to have an ideal diet plan that helps control diabetes.

If you wish to be free from diabetes, you have to follow the perfect diet plan with the
support of the diabetic food pyramid. The bottom of the pyramid is the largest group
which represents the food that you can consume more. The top of the pyramid is the
smallest group which represents the food that you should consume less.

The food pyramid largely comprises carbohydrates, vegetables, fruits, and cereal
along with a small proportion of dairy products, meat & meat substitutes. It gives you
information on what to eat and in what amounts.

Despite having diabetes, you are allowed to have a small amount of fats and sweets,
but you should be cautious while selecting these kinds of foods.

USDA dietary recommendations:

diabetes-2

Diabetes food pyramid composition

Food Category
List & amount
Breads, grains and other starches
? This is the largest group & consists of mostly carbohydrates which include bread, pasta, rice & cereal.
? It also contains starchy vegetables like potatoes, corn, and peas & also consists of dry beans.
? Eat 6 -11 servings a day.
? 1 slice of bread, ¾ cup dried cereal or ½ cup rice, peas, beans.
Vegetables
? This group of food pyramid includes vegetables like spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, cucumbers, cabbage, etc.
? Most of the veggies are good for diabetics which offer dietary fibre, vitamins & nutrients.
? Eat 3-5 servings a day.
? 1 serving of vegetables is ½
Fruits
? These include oranges, apples, berries, bananas, etc.
? Like vegetables, fruits also offer lots of vitamins and nutrients.
? Eat 2-4 servings a day.
? 1 medium-sized orange, 1 cup of strawberries, 1 cup of watermelon, 1 banana and an apple
Milk
? Milk products offer vitamins, calcium & proteins.
? Your milk products should be fat-free or low-fat to minimise saturated fats.
? Get 2-3 servings a day.
? 1 cup of milk or 1 cup of yoghourt.
Meat and meat substitutes
? These include beef, chicken, pork, etc.
? This group also consists of other proteins like eggs, cheese, peanut butter, tofu, etc.
? Get 4-6 ounces a day.
? A 3-ounce serving is good and make sure not to get all the servings in one meal.
? Other servings include 1 egg, 1 tablespoon of peanut butter, ½ tofu, and ¼ cup of cottage cheese.
Fats, sweets and oils
? This group is the last & smallest group of your diabetic diet plan.
? This last group of diets should be saved for special occasions. These foods contain lots of sugar and fat.
? Many of these foods do not offer any nutrients or only a small amount is offered.
? These types of food should be limited & consume only a small amount at a time.
? This group includes cookies, cakes, candies, potato chips, fried foods, etc.
? ½ cup of ice cream, 2 cookies.
? This group also consists of alcohol which contains a lot of sugar. So avoid consuming alcohol as much as possible.

Diabetes meal plan advises:

Note:

Diabetic diet plans may vary from person to person depending upon their condition.
Being diabetic necessitates a high level of food awareness. Additionally, type 2
diabetes may be managed with diet and exercise. This diabetic food pyramid will help
you to choose a proper food diet and control your blood glucose levels. A healthy
lifestyle, diet and treatment will help you to get rid of diabetes.

Frequently Asked Questions
A diabetic person should eat at least 4 to 5 times a day. You should eat at the right time with the right quantity.
A diabetic person should have his/her breakfast within one or 1.5 hours after waking up. You should not have a gap of more than 5 hours between meals.
It’s best to avoid all the sugary/soft drinks as it contains too much sugar & may spike your blood sugar levels.

Diawhiz is an Indian Health Tech Company Which is Founded With a Motive to Control Diabetes in Multi Disciplinary Approach by a Team of Endocrinologists, Diabetologists, Psychologists, Certified Dieticians, Fitness, Yoga Trainers and Counsellors .

What We Offer

Head Office

Hyderabad, India

DiaWhiz ©. All rights reserved.

Diawhiz is an Indian Health Tech Company Which is Founded With a Motive to Control Diabetes in Multi Disciplinary Approach by a Team of Endocrinologists, Diabetologists, Psychologists, Certified Dieticians, Fitness, Yoga Trainers and Counsellors .

What We Offer

Head Office

Hyderabad, India

DiaWhiz ©. All rights reserved.

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